Law and Order

Image Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/34256238630/in/datetaken/   Ronald Reagan alongside with Richard Nixon were the leading proponents in the late 1960s of “Law and order” which became crucial for any candidate who wanted to be elected at the time. The main purpose was to strict control on crime and suppression of violence, sometimes involving the possible restraint of...

Gentrification

Image Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/34136510280/in/dateposted-public/ Gentrification is the consequence of a series of economic trends that is transforming the city notably, because of the increase of more educated, affluent, younger, and single people headed back to the city. Diversification does happen when gentrification take place but increasingly we are seeing in these gentrified neighborhoods less racially diverse...

Privatization of Public Spaces

Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/33947157500/in/dateposted-public/   Public space is a publicly-owned place for speaking out and being heard. For example, parks, sidewalks, libraries, schools, governmental buildings, recreation facilities etc. Most public spaces are free of charge, don’t require special privileges to enter and their main purpose is to serve the community. A successful public space generally needs...

Urbanization

  image: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/33562688071/in/dateposted-public/   Urbanization means to the move from rural to urban areas. A study from the United Nations projected that more than half of the world population would move to urban area by 2008. One reason for people to move from rural to urban areas is because they are looking for more opportunities...

Slum clearance

  Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/33101097550/in/dateposted-public/   Slum clearance or Slum removal this were used to rebuilt low-income communities with very poor reputation compare to others neighborhood development, this was part of the urban renewal strategy. President Truman observed that “Five million families are still living in slums and firetraps. Three million families share their homes with...

Urban Renewal

Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/33446290005   In 1949, President Harry Truman signed the Housing Act, which was designed to shape residential life for Americans. These massive renewals destroyed more than 2,000 communities in the 1950’s and 60’s and more than 400,000 families were being relocated to public housing. More highways were built to connect people from the...

Civil Rights Movement

  The Civil Right Movement was the social movement to fight the hate and racial segregation against the African Americans during 1954-1968 in the United States. The segregation was in most part in the south of the country which for many years African Americans were used as the slaves of white families. Even though...

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