Southern strategy

  In American politics, The Southern Strategy is an important strategy for The Republican Party and its candidates to win presidential elections to gain political support in the South. The main idea of The Southern Strategy is the racism against African Americans harbored by many southern white voters. Further Reading https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Southern_strategy http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-the-southern-strategy.htm...

Law and Order

Image Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/34256238630/in/datetaken/   Ronald Reagan alongside with Richard Nixon were the leading proponents in the late 1960s of “Law and order” which became crucial for any candidate who wanted to be elected at the time. The main purpose was to strict control on crime and suppression of violence, sometimes involving the possible restraint of...

Broken Windows Policing

Cartoon by Mike Flugennock, 2016 The broken windows theory was first described in 1982 in an article written by James Wilson and George Kelling where they used the analogy that a broken window, left unattended, would signal that no one cared and would ultimately lead to more disorder and crime. They proposed that police departments...

Black Codes

Cartoon by Thomas Nast, 1874, Harper’s Weekly These were a body of laws enacted by southern U.S. states in 1865 and 1866 following the end of the Civil War in order to regain their power over the freed slaves, maintain white supremacy and ensure the continued supply of cheap labor. Although the 13th Amendment...

Gentrification

Image Source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/34136510280/in/dateposted-public/ Gentrification is the consequence of a series of economic trends that is transforming the city notably, because of the increase of more educated, affluent, younger, and single people headed back to the city. Diversification does happen when gentrification take place but increasingly we are seeing in these gentrified neighborhoods less racially diverse...

Public Trust Doctrine

Public Trust Doctrine is a principle talking about how certain natural and cultural resources are available only for the public to use. It is the government’s job to maintain and protect the resources that are available for the use by the public. A blog written by actor, Mark Ruffalo, wrote about how New York...

Privately-Owned Public Space(POPS)

Privately-Owned Public Space, also known as POPS, is an amenity constructed and maintained by the owner for public use in exchange for having more access to areas. These places are often located in commercial districts and other districts of similar nature. POPS are often achieved through a process called incentive zoning, however POPS have...

Intimate Segregation

Intimate segregation occurs when residents of a neighborhood coexist but have no real interaction. This is due to the residents’ differing uses of space which allow a neighborhood to remain segregated. This can be seen in gentrifying neighborhoods as the middle class moves in and businesses are beginning to cater to that class, other...

Reverse Redlining

Reverse redlining is a predatory lending practice that targets minorities with poor credit. Before, minorities were unable to receive loans for housing due to redlining in which banks refused to give loans due to the risk it presented in allowing minorities to own homes in white and suburban neighborhoods. With reverse redlining, minorities are...

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