Blockbusting

  A technique used by realtors to have home owners sell their house at cheap prices by instilling fear of a different race or class moving in to the neighborhood, and making money off the homes and properties that are being sold. This technique was mostly used during suburbanization aka “white flight”. A realtor...

Urban Renewal

Image source: https://www.flickr.com/photos/147607961@N02/33446290005   In 1949, President Harry Truman signed the Housing Act, which was designed to shape residential life for Americans. These massive renewals destroyed more than 2,000 communities in the 1950’s and 60’s and more than 400,000 families were being relocated to public housing. More highways were built to connect people from the...

Restrictive Covenants

Photo credit: http://nowandthen.ashp.cuny.edu/2010/02/segregation-in-deed/   Restrictive Covenants were legally binding parts of suburban house deeds that restricted any people of color from legally buying a home. It restricted white home owners from selling their home to anyone that was of a different race. Homeowners risk having their property turned over to the bank if they do...

Eminent Domain

Photo courtesy of Paul Sableman Eminent domain is a federal or state government’s power to acquire private property for public use. According to the fifth amendment, eminent domain is only possible if the government compensates the owners for the fair market value of their property. This power is normally exercised for public uses such...

1956 National Defense Highways Act

Photo courtesy of Vijay Chennupati This bill, also known as the Federal-Aid Highway act of 1956, was signed on June 29th, 1956, by President Dwight Eisenhower. The purpose of the bill was to create 40,000+ mile interstate highways throughout the nation. Eisenhower was inspired due to his participation of the U.S. Army’s first Transcontinental...

Kerner Commission

A team created by President Lyndon B. Johnson and led by Otto Kerner, Governor of Chicago, to investigate the causes behind the deadly riots and violence that took place in 1967 in various inner cities in the U.S. The Commission published its findings in the Kerner Report in 1968 and found that the violence...

Redlining

A policy outlined in the FHA’s 1939 Underwriting Manual and practiced by the FHA through which neighborhoods were considered “risky” for investment based solely on race and ethnicity. FHA loans as well as other financial assistance was denied to people in these areas. Redlining literally refers to using red lines on a map to...

Racial-Zoning

Description: This sign says that if one buys a home in said area they are only allowed to sell their home to another caucasian person. Racial Zoning (AKA exclusionary zoning) was a legal way for banks and real-estate agents to keep whites in white neighborhoods and blacks in black neighborhoods. Although the court deemed in...

Deindustrialization

  Description: Ghost factory In the late 1800’s and early 1900’s industrialization started blooming in the United States. With the threat of war it gave American’s a fast and efficient way to develops goods like weapons. It also provided big cities with job opportunities, gave reason for people to move to these big cities...

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